formed by an industrial process into thin, flat pieces. Sheet metal is one of the fundamental forms used in metalworking
and it can be cut and bent into a variety of shapes. Countless everyday objects are fabricated from sheet metal. Thicknesses can vary significantly; extremely thin sheets are considered foil
, and pieces thicker than 6 mm (0.25 in) are considered plate steel
or "structural steel."
Sheet metal is available in flat pieces or coiled strips. The coils are formed by running a continuous sheet of metal through a roll slitter
In most of the world, sheet metal thickness is consistently specified in millimeters. In the US, the thickness of sheet metal is commonly specified by a traditional, non-linear measure known as its gauge
. The larger the gauge number, the thinner the metal. Commonly used steel sheet metal ranges from 30 gauge to about 7 gauge. Gauge differs between ferrous (iron based)
metals and nonferrous metals such as aluminum or copper. Copper thickness, for example, is measured in ounces; representing the weight of copper contained in an area of one square foot. Parts manufactured from sheet metal must maintain a uniform thickness for ideal results.
There are many different metals that can be made into sheet metal, such as aluminium
. For decorative uses, some important sheet metals include silver
, and platinum
(platinum sheet metal is also utilized as a catalyst
Sheet metal is used in automobile and truck (lorry) bodies, airplane fuselages and wings, medical tables, roofs for buildings (architecture) and many other applications. Sheet metal of iron and other materials with high magnetic permeability
, also known as laminated steel cores
, has applications in transformers
and electric machines
. Historically, an important use of sheet metal was in plate armor
worn by cavalry
, and sheet metal continues to have many decorative uses, including in horse tack
. Sheet metal workers are also known as "tin bashers" (or "tin knockers"), a name derived from the hammering of panel seams when installing tin roofs.